An introduction to the issue of neglect in the nation

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An introduction to the issue of neglect in the nation

The committee responsible for the present report, armed with research findings gleaned during the past 20 years, regards child abuse and neglect not just as a social problem but as a serious public health issue.

Researchers have found that child abuse and neglect affects not only children but also the adults they become. Its effects cascade throughout the life course, with costly consequences for individuals, families, and society. These effects are seen in all aspects of human functioning, including physical and mental health, as well as important areas such as education, work, and social relationships.

Furthermore, rigorous examinations of risk and protective factors for child abuse and neglect at the individual, contextual, and macrosystem levels have led to more effective strategies for prevention and treatment.

This public health problem requires swift and effective action. The intent is to capitalize on existing opportunities whenever possible while advocating for new actions when they are needed.

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The committee also believes that the existing body of research creates enormous opportunities for research going forward; the nation is poised to take full advantage of a developing science of child abuse and neglect.

In particular, the results of studies of the consequences of child abuse and neglect, integrating biological with behavioral and social context research, as well as studies and controlled prevention trials that integrate basic findings with services research, now provide a solid base for moving forward with more sophisticated and systematic research designs to address important unanswered questions.

New knowledge and better research tools can yield a better understanding of the causes of child abuse and neglect, as well as the most effective ways to prevent and treat it.

At the same time, however, the existing research and service system infrastructures are inadequate for taking full advantage of this new knowledge. The committee hopes that this gap will narrow as researchers in diverse domains collaborate to elucidate the underlying causes and consequences of child abuse and neglect, as those implementing promising interventions learn how best to take evidence-based models to scale with fidelity, and as policies are examined more rigorously for their ability to improve outcomes and create a coordinated and efficient system of care.

Department of Health and Human Services asked the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study of research needs in the area of child abuse and neglect. That study resulted in the NRC report, which synthesizes the research on child abuse and neglect and, adopting a child-oriented developmental and ecological perspective, outlines 17 research priorities in an agenda that addresses 4 objectives: TRENDS SINCE Since the report, research on child abuse and neglect has expanded, and understanding of the consequences and other aspects of child abuse and neglect for the children involved, their families, and society has advanced significantly.

During that same period, rates of reported physical and sexual abuse but not neglect have declined substantially, for reasons not fully understood.

An introduction to the issue of neglect in the nation

On the other hand, reports of psychological and emotional abuse have risen. Child abuse and neglect nonetheless remains a pervasive, persistent, and pernicious problem in the United States.

Each year more than 3 million referrals for child abuse and neglect are received that involve around 6 million children, although most of these reports are not substantiated.

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In fiscal yearthe latest year for which data are available, state child protective services agencies encounteredchildren, or about 9. More than one-quarter had been victimized previously. Of thesechildren, 1, died as a result of the abuse or neglect they suffered—most younger than 4 years old ACF, Yet these figures are underestimates because of underreporting GAO, For example, the estimate of the rate of child abuse and neglect by caretakers in derived from the most recent National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect, a sample survey, was This uncertainty as to the extent of child abuse and neglect hampers understanding of its causes and consequences, as well as effective prevention and treatment interventions.

Research conducted since has made clear that child abuse and neglect has much broader and longer-lasting effects than bruises and broken bones or other acute physical and psychological trauma. As noted above, child abuse and neglect can have long-term impacts on its victims, their families, and society.

Nevertheless, abused and neglected children are more prone to experience mental health conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, alcoholism and drug abuse, behavioral problems, criminal behavior and violence, certain chronic diseases, and diminished economic well-being.

Society is also affected. These costs are comparable to those of other major health problems, such as stroke and type 2 diabetes, issues that garner far more research funding and public attention.Child abuse or child maltreatment is physical, sexual, or psychological maltreatment or neglect of a child or children, especially by a parent or other caregiver.

Child abuse may include any act or failure to act by a parent or other caregiver that results in actual or potential harm to a child, and can occur in a child's home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child. I am happy to help bring you this double issue of the Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, which looks at the projects of the Archstone Foundation's Elder Abuse and Neglect impetus for this issue was born out of a desire to share the work of a unique collaborative effort in California.

Women who have had an abortion have an 81% higher risk of subsequent mental health problems compared to women who have not had an abortion.

Women who aborted have a % higher risk of mental health problems compared to women who have given birth. An overview of child abuse and neglect terminology, including broad definitions of physical abuse, emotional maltreatment, neglect and sexual abuse Introduction. For individuals working with children, it is important to be able to recognise child abuse and neglect when they come across it.

For a more detailed overview of the issues. For example, the National Research Council report Elder Mistreatment: Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation in an Aging America defined elder mistreatment “as (a) intentional actions that cause harm or create serious risk of harm (whether or not harm is intended) to a vulnerable elder by a caregiver or other person who stands in a trust.

The National Research Council (NRC) report Understanding Child Abuse and Neglect notes that “Child maltreatment is a devastating social problem in American society” (NRC, , p.

An introduction to the issue of neglect in the nation

1). The committee responsible for the present report, armed with research findings gleaned during the past 20 years, regards child abuse and neglect .

Introduction - Elder Abuse and Its Prevention - NCBI Bookshelf