He argued that civilization identity would be shaped by the interactions among seven or eight major civilizations — Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and African. The response to this thesis has been wide, varied and furious. Most of it has come from Muslim scholars, humanists, Marxists and internationalists of various hues. Very little has been said by scholars representing the Hindu viewpoints.
The theory suggested that the Hindus and Muslims of India were two separate nations which needed their own geopolitical abodes in which they could govern their lives according to their distinct cultural bearings.
The Congress regimes dominated and influenced the Indian nationalist narrative between and the early s.
In it Jinnah and his Muslim League were squarely explained to have worked up myopic communal urges to disrupt the centuries-old Hindu-Muslim unity in the region. This view still holds sway in India.
But recently, with the mainstream rise of Hindu nationalism in that country and a more hardline approach towards anything to do with Pakistan, some peculiar scholarly ventures have begun to emerge.
These are attempting to augment the afore-mentioned view with an additional dimension which is more in tune with how Hindu nationalism understands the creation and existence of Pakistan.
It had actually been developed and forced upon them by Hindu nationalists. In a speech that he made on 24 April,Jinnah said: He was correct to assert that it was first formed by Hindu nationalists as a way to assert their political and social agenda. The perception of a communal Muslim League sat well with the existentialist justifications of the Hindu nationalist outfits.
This is how it happened. In the late 19th century, Nabagopal Mitra, one of the pioneers of Hindu nationalism, authored a paper in which he described the Hindus of India as a nation that was better than the Muslims and the Christians.
Hindus and the Muslims. In it he asserted that the minority communities of India specifically, Muslim should merge with the Hindu nation or perish. Upadhyaya had first used the word decades ago as an extension of the Sanskrit word Shuddi used by Hindu nationalist Dr.
PS Moonje in Indian academic and historian Dr. And as mentioned earlier, Jinnah adopted it in for the Muslims after fearing that Indian nationalism had come to mean Hindu nationalism.
What is also interesting is how the historical narrative about the creation of Pakistan being formulated by Indian historians sympathetic to the BJP is being ecstatically received by the religious groups of Pakistan.
Their narrative too had explained Pakistan as a theological project. Mubarak Ali and Hamza Alavi. Indeed, there is certainly no dearth of ironies in the synthesis which emerges in debates on the partition of India between competing narratives.
Published in Dawn, Sunday Magazine, October 9th, Violence against Muslims in India; Incidents; Gujarat riots; Moradabad riots Over 10, people have been killed in Hindu-Muslim communal violence since in 6, instances of communal violence between and The trial of the case was transferred by the Supreme Court of India in from Ghaziabad to a Sessions.
- Muslim state of East and West Pakistan created out of partition of India at the end of British rule. Hundreds of thousands die in widespread communal violence, and millions are made homeless. A court in Gujarat today convicted 31 people for their involvement in the attack on a train at Godhra in which 59 Hindu pilgrims were burned to death, triggering one of the worst sectarian. Jan 29, · Serious [ BBC News ] Beware of Indian: Hindu vs Muslim Clash Coming Soon To Pro-Indian Immigrant Singapore. Thread starter grandtour; Start date Jan 29, Hindu and Muslim groups have blamed each other for the violence. "A group of young people had organised a rally when they were stopped from shouting 'long live India' in a Muslim area.
AHMEDABAD: Indian police fired tear gas to break up clashes between Hindu and Muslim mobs in Narendra Modi’s heartland of Gujarat on the eve of his swearing in as prime minister, officials said.
Hindu philosophy states that all people born on this earth are certain to die and equally certain is the fact that all the dead would be reborn. This concept is enunciated in 27 th Sloka (couplet) of the second chapter of Bhagavad Gita, the sacred book of Hindus.
W hen India has trouble, the world takes note.
Its nuclear saber-rattling with Muslim rival and neighbor Pakistan, and the terrorist attacks on the Indian parliament last December, which caused a severe rise in tensions between the two nations, have put the world on the edge of its seat.
James Mill (–), in his The History of British India (), distinguished three phases in the history of India, namely Hindu, Muslim and British civilisations. This periodisation has been influential, but has also been criticised for the misconceptions it gave rise to.
Another influential periodisation is the division into "ancient, classical, medieval and modern periods".
February , allegedly an angry Muslim mob torched a train which resulted in the killing of 58 innocent Hindu passengers which gave birth to what they call; â€œthe worst Hindu Muslim clashâ€ in the history of India. According to the official statistics; Hindus and Muslims were ki.