Follow TIME The machete killings of hundreds of villagers near the central Nigerian city of Jos on Sunday have thrown the sectarian problems of Africa's most populous nation into the spotlight again. In that massacre, Christian attackers killed Muslims. Nigeria has been wracked by periodic episodes of violence for decades.
A crying woman consoles another one who lost her husband during clashes between cattle herders and farmers, on January 11, It threatens to become even deadlier and could affect forthcoming elections and undermine national stability.
But killings by armed herdsmen, believed to be Fulani on farming settlements in central states, have increased this year.
The ICG says three things have worsened the crisis: First, environmental challenges in the north have impacted arable lands, forcing herdsmen to encroach on farming settlements in central states.
It has taken on dangerous religious and ethnic dimensions," the ICG said in the report. Nigeria church attack leaves 19 dead, including two priests The think-tank said though the government has deployed military troops and other security personnel to calm the violence in central states, the efforts were not enough to stop the killings.
The government needs to "prosecute perpetrators of violence, disarm ethnic militias and local vigilantes," the ICG stated in the report, in addition to implementing long-term herding reforms in the region.
Buhari, who is ethnically linked to Fulani herdsmen, has faced criticism for his perceived silence over the attacks. But Buhari, who has visited affected states to commiserate with those involved in the conflict, said he could not be blamed for the actions of herdsmen suspected to have carried out the killings.
He argued that his administration has made "notable successes" in tackling security challenges in the country.This article is focused on the historical incidents of ethnic conflicts in within Nigeria societies, the cause of the conflicts and perhaps, the government actions towards ethnic conflict in the country.
Nigeria is experiencing a major conflict between nomadic herdsmen and indigenous farmers.
In , the conflict led to the death of 2, people, displaced 62, others and led to loss of US$ That poor distribution of wealth has also sparked conflict in Nigeria's oil-rich southern Delta region, where militants lobbying for a greater share of oil revenue regularly blow up pipelines and kidnap foreign oil workers.
Modern Nigeria emerged through the merging of two British colonial territories in The amalgamation was an act of colonial convenience.
It occurred mainly because British colonizers desired a. Many of the factors driving conflict and the Boko Haram insurgency exist across Nigeria’s northern region.
These include governance challenges, marginalization, and youth unemployment. Nigeria’s federal system gives governors great responsibilities to address these issues. The ongoing Boko Haram conflict in the northeast, cycles of communal violence between pastoralists and farmers, and separatist protests in the south defined Nigeria’s human rights landscape in