Written by Tora Agarwala Guwahati Updated:
Ethnic conflict in Assam on the backdrop of socioeconomic insecurity Abstract Assam has passed through a period of political turmoil since 12th century AD which continues even today.
Prior to the entry of the British in to the territory of present Assam the region was ruled by various monarchs belonging to Prior to the entry of the British in to the territory of present Assam the region was ruled by various monarchs belonging to different ethnic groups.
The initial conflict in the mid12th century was started with the entrance of the Ahoms into the territory of upper Assam, which was then ruled by the Bodo-Kacharis.
The conflict between the two ethnic groups compelled the Bodo-Kacharis to migrate westward and this process continued till 19th century. The gradual expansion of the Ahom territory was affected at the cost of sequential migration of people from one segment of the territory to another.
|Indian State of Assam Origins and Causes of Conflict | Hindu American Foundation (HAF)||Illegal immigration in IndiaAssam agitationand Assam Accord The violence in followed ethnic tensions between the indigenous Bodo people and Bengali-speaking Muslims. While the Muslim community state that they are descendants of East Bengali Muslims brought to Assam during the British Rajlocal communities allege that the Muslim population has increased, boosted by refugees from the erstwhile East Pakistan before the Indo-Pakistani War of  and by subsequent illegal migrants from Bangladesh.|
|Ethnic conflict in Nagaland - Wikipedia||The judicial capacity of Naga courts were empowered and no law from the provincial or central legislatures could affect this agreement. Very significantly, the agreement included a clause demanding that the Nagas be brought into the same administrative unit at the earliest.|
This process imparted socio-political instability to the other ethnic kingdoms of that period like the Gobha Kingdom, Koch Kingdom, The Mataks, and The Morans etc. The basic reason for such political conflict and sense of ethnic insecurity was related basically to right over land.
Thus both the pre-British monarchs and the British rulers were equally responsible in creating ethnic instability in the region and in both the cases seeds of discord and distrust among the ethnic groups were sown on the very emotional ground of the agrarian populace that is the land.
After the national independence the growth of the elite Assamese middle class started developing hegemony not only on the economic sector but also in language, literature and cultural aspects.
In fact, the various ethnic groups under the banner of Tribal League were organized only to protect their right over land, language and culture.
Such a socio-political disturbance among the ethnic groups of Assam was supplemented by large scale immigration of muslim agricultural immigrants from the then East-Bengal under the patronage of the British rulers in the pretext of enhancement of agricultural outputs and land revenue.
Initially influx of such a foreign demographic mass which was quite unmatching to the local demographic structure was quite small but since the influx of such immigrants was so huge that the indigenous ethnic groups of Assam started losing their very economic ground for their sustainance that is agricultural land.
Thus the sense of socio-economic and political insecurity among the ethnic groups of Assam started becoming deeper. But such measures failed because of the gradual encroachment of the Muslim agricultural immigrants into the protected territories meant for the tribal people.
In fact, after independence the state had a requirement of a well-planned socio-economic policy for securing the rights and aspirations of various ethnic groups living over the territory for ages. But no such socio-economic plans have been created for resolving the basic areas of ethnic conflict even now.
For this reason only the ethnic conflict of Assam as well as socio-economic frustration of the multi-ethnic state are considered as a socio-politic gimmick of both state and central government.
The paper embodies the socio-economic and political causes behind the ethnic conflict in Assam and the prospective direction and resolution for an everlasting socio-political stability of the region.Ethnic Conflict in Assam, India by: This African Chick- Uzo Ofili Events: Why they Scrappin' Opinions and Solutions Who is Right?
Solution? Bibliography Assam Accord of Nellie Massacre of All Assam Student Union Partition of Cause of Conflict continued. Bodo-Muslim Violence in Assam. There is a history of violent conflict over land in Assam between the indigenous Bodo tribals and ethnic Bengali Muslim settlers dating back to , with subsequent violent clashes occurring in , , and Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi, recommended a CBI probe into the clashes in BTAD and Dubri districts and claimed "internal and external forces were at work".
On 7 August , the Centre ordered CBI probe into the continued ethnic clashes in the state. For this reason only the ethnic conflict of Assam as well as socio-economic frustration of the multi-ethnic state are considered as a socio-politic gimmick of both state and central government.
The paper embodies the socio-economic and political causes behind the ethnic conflict in Assam and the prospective direction and resolution for an. The ethnic conflict in Nagaland, in northeastern India, is an ongoing conflict fought between the ethnic Nagas and the governments of India and Myanmar.
Nagaland inhabited by the Nagas is located at the tri-junction border of India on the West and South, north and Myanmar on the East. 73 Chapter III: Nature of Ethnic Conflicts in Assam One of the dominant features of the politics in Assam is the mobilisation of people on ethnic line.