They would however find the Holocaust. For many, this word bears great meaning, it is the reason their friends are gone, or their family is dead.
All Jews in Germany and the occupied countries were deported to sealed ghettos as a holding area. Many were then shipped in cattle cars to labor camps where they lived under brutally inhuman conditions.
Hundreds of thousands were sent directly to the gas chambers in death camps. As the Allies advanced on the camps, death marches further depleted the ranks of potential camp survivors. An entire state bureaucracy was mobilized solely for the purpose of annihilating Jews. German technological expertise was harnessed to make the mass murder as efficient and low-cost as possible.
The conditions in these death camps and other concentration camps were brutal, and designed purposely to make survival only temporary.
The Madagascar Plan see below was one example of strategies which were formulated to remove Jews from Germany and its occupied lands.
As is described in more detail in Chapter 11, many countries refused to accept Jewish refugees. This shift in policy resulted in the deportation of Jews to camps and ghettos in the East. Inplans were devised by the Nazis to ship all Jews under Nazi control to Madagascar, an island in the Indian Ocean.
Chelmno was the site of the first gassing of Jews, which occurred on December 8, The Nazi war machine had limited resources, including slave labor, much of it Jewish. Even so, the Nazis made a decision that the annihilation of the Jews of Europe was a more important achievement than the value of their labor.
Similarly, the Nazis made a decision not to let the need for transport for the war effort interfere with the need for trucks and rail cars to carry the Jews to concentration camps and death centers. It was Adolf Eichmann who masterminded the logistics of the deportation of Jews.
Each was told to take some clothing, blankets, shoes, eating utensils but no knifea bowl, and some money. Rounded up, they were herded into trucks for the trip to the rail station, or were forced to walk.
The rail cars were often strategically located at a distance from the passenger terminals, so that this scene would not arouse the ire of the local populace.
Many who did see chose not to protest. The deportees were forced into rail cars, most of which were windowless, unheated cattle cars, and squeezed in so tightly that most were forced to stand. The doors were then sealed shut from the outside. Neither drinking water nor sanitary facilities were available.
Each car held more than people, and many froze or suffocated to death or succumbed to disease during the trip to the camps.
The dead were not removed from the cars during the journey because the Nazi bureaucracy insisted that each body entering a car be accounted for at the destination.
The Nazi officer in charge of this duty was Adolph Eichmann, who traveled from country to country that was under German occupation to systematically plan the deportation of the local Jewish population to the death camps.
Eichmann received various levels of cooperation from each of the various occupied governments. But in countries such as Holland, Belgium, Albania, Denmark, Finland and Bulgaria, some Jews were saved from their deaths by the action of the sympathetic populace and government officials.The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million Europe.
"Final Solution": Overview The term “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” was a euphemism used by Nazi Germany’s leaders. It referred to the mass murder of Europe’s Jews.
The Final Solution (German: Endlösung) or the Final Solution to the Jewish Question (German: die Endlösung der Judenfrage, pronounced [diː ˈɛntˌløːzʊŋ deːɐ̯ ˈjuːdn̩ˌfʁaːɡə]) was a Nazi plan for the genocide or extermination of the Jews during World War regardbouddhiste.comon: German-occupied Europe.
The Holocaust: The “Final Solution” Category» The Holocaust Timeline of Jewish Persecution. The Nazis Nazi Party. Nazi Party Platform. The Swastika. Nazis & the Arts. Nazis & The Jews. Rescuers Margaret Thatcher's Family Sheltered Austrian Jew. The “Final Solution” Synopsis.
The Nazis, under cover of the war, developed the technology, bureaucracy, and psychology of hate to efficiently murder millions of Jews. The details of the “Final Solution” were worked out at the Wannsee Conference.
The Nazis used coded language and euphemism to disguise acts of terror, brutality, destruction and murder. The term ‘Final Solution’ (Endlösung) referred to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people. It is clear from the Wannsee Conference in January that the Final Solution of the Jewish Question was planned in meticulous detail by Nazi officials from a large number of government departments.