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Known as the Early Journal Content, this set of works include research articles, news, letters, and other writings published in more than of the oldest leading academic journals.
The works date from the mid-seventeenth to the early twentieth centuries.
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Read more about Early Journal Content at http: JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects.
The Freehold Art Society arranges exhibits at various venues throughout Western Monmouth County in which artists, members and non-members alike, are . What was the “crisis of freehold society”? population grown so land became an issue (farms were smaller, not enough land to give children, parents lost control over who children married) regardbouddhiste.com was the “household mode of production”? freeholder - the owner of a freehold landholder, landowner, property owner - a holder or proprietor of land yeoman - in former times was free and cultivated his own land.
JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. By Thomas Beggs, F. As I have paid consider- able attention to this class of institutions, and have had, from the accident of position, many opportunities of observing their operations, I have ventured to throw together a sketch, which, fragmentary though it be, may give a pretty accurate idea of the principles upon which they are founded, and furnish data by which to estimate the advantages likely to accrue from their formation.
These societies were first suggested by an effort that was made, for a purely political purpose, Freehold society the Anti-Corn-law League, during its active existence. InLord Morpeth, the present Earl of Car- lisle, who had been one of the most popular candidates ever returned for the West Riding of Yorkshire, was defeated on the question of free trade.
The League felt this as a serious blow, in a constituency which, from its size and importance, had been taken as an index to public feeling on all great questions.
Besides, the "West Riding of Yorkshire comprises some of the largest, wealthiest, and most prospe- rous seats of manufacture, and therefore such a defeat told Freehold society powerfully against them. Cobden, whose attention had been previously directed to the forty-shilling-freehold qualification as the basis of a powerful machinery to be put in motion in case of emergency, went down and proposed to the men of the West Riding that they should at once set about the purchase of freeholds to the number required to constitute a free-trade majority.
It was found that 5, votes would be required. In the space of two years, this number were created, and at the next election his lordship was returned without opposition. Free-trade candidates were returned by the same means for East Surrey and South Lan- cashire ; and the members of the Anti-Corn-law League were moving in every part of the country where counties or divisions of counties returned members opposed to their views, when Sir Robert Peel, by carrying his measure for the repeal of the corn-laws, put an end to this creation of votes, and to the existence of the Anti-Corn-law League.
The freeholds themselves, in this case, were little valued by the pos- sessors, except as a means of securing a vote, and the freehold vote possesses considerable elasticity and adaptability to a political purpose of this kind.
It is the oldest kind of suffrage, and exists in several forms. It is simply necessary to show that the person claiming to be put upon the register has a clear annual interest in freehold property to the amount of forty shillings ; it is independent of residence or pay- ment of rates.
A person may reside in London and qualify for North- umberland ; in fact, he can, if he chooses, qualify for every county in England and Wales. In some cases, members of the League qualified for five or six places. The favourite, form of the qualification for the League men was that of rent-charges and chief rents, as these were One hundred per- sons may unite in the purchase of one estate, and, supposing that each of them can prove an interest in the estate to the full value of forty shillings per annum, he can claim to be put upon the register; or any owner of an estate can sell off rent-charges to the whole annual value of his estate.
This was, no doubt, very convenient to the League, as the value of the votes depended upon their immediate applicability.
Little care was taken as to the commercial value, and when the plea for their creation was withdrawn, some had difficulty in finding the exact locality of their freeholds ; others found that they had purchased dilapidated cottages and buildings worth no more than the market price of the old materials of which they were composed; and others, again, found that it would have been an inconvenient and troublesome process to have enforced the payment of the annual rents.
All that can be said of the experiment is, that it answered the main purpose, but in other respects its success was so very equivocal, that it encouraged no speculation in freeholds.
I find, however, that the mode of purchasing land on a perpetual ground-rent or chief rent has been very generally in use in Manchester, and it confers a vote upon a succession of pro- prietors.
For example, A sells a building-site to B for 40s. But it some- times happens that five or six persons claim to be registered upon the same property.
C buys a plot of land in an improving district for a perpetual rent of Almost immediately after this, a movement was started by Mr. Feargus O'Connor, but which must not be confounded with the freehold land movement.
This was intended to create independent peasant proprietors, and the subscribers were induced to believe that they could with advantage change their ordinary occupations, and in possession of two or three acres of land, cultivate it to advantage.Find Freehold New Jersey historical societies.
Historical societies provide information on the history and culture of a specific area, through the use of museum and library art exhibits and programs.
New England’s Freehold Society A. Farm Families: Women in the Household Economy 1. Men claimed power in the state and authority in the family; women were subordinate. 2. Women in the colonies were raised to be dutiful “helpmates” to their husbands.
3. The labor of the Puritan women was crucial to the rural household economy. New$England’s$Freehold$Society$ The$Puritans$had$ﬂed$England$in$the$ s$because$they$thoughtthe$ country$was$going$to$hell$ Their$homeland$was$aplace$where$a.
When adding an inscription to a second side of a monument, we precisely duplicate both standard inscriptions and specialized lettering on-site at Freehold Hebrew Benefit Society Cemetery, with virtually the same precision as in the factory. As the National is the largest of the existing Freehold Land Societies—last year its receipts being £,—we will briefly allude to its prospectus as a still further illustration of what a Freehold Land Society is.
The Freehold Art Society arranges exhibits at various venues throughout Western Monmouth County in which artists, members and non-members alike, are able to display their work.
Periodically, workshops are held at which members may benefit from the instruction of area artists.