The purpose of writing this paper is to analyze a perspective or argue a point thus demonstrating your knowledge, writing and vocabulary skills, and ability to do a great research on a given topic. Sometimes, your professor may ask for an abstract along with a research paper.
And how in the world do you end satisfactorily? The fact is that many of us anguish over our intros and conclusions. The problem of introductions and conclusions is really one problem.
They are linked, not only in anguish but in content; they are almost mirror images of each other. First, however, there are two common misconceptions to dispel. Your thesis is not an introduction.
An introductory paragraph starts with a "hook," which leads into the thesis. You do need an introduction as well as a thesis. Second, a simple restatement of your thesis is not a conclusion. To create that satisfying sense of finality in your conclusion, you must revisit the stuff of your introduction.
If you start with a story, return to the story. If you start with a definition, return to the definition, even if only to contradict it. When you are ready to finish with the introduction and conclusion, choose from several strategies: Show instead of tell.
Make use of the wordsmiths. Evoke familiarity by comparing or create tension and expectation by contrasting. Define-or redefine in a unique way. Make a provocative statement: Offer an amazing statistic or personal insight. Illustrate An illustration can be as simple as a personal story or anecdote.
It's natural to think of a personal anecdote as an introduction to a personal narrative, but stories and anecdotes can be effective introductions to any kind of paper.
The following anecdote introduces a research paper on vegetarian and vegan diets. The conclusion returns briefly to the story: We took our sons fishing in the spillway next to the dam one moonlit night. In the hush of the night, one of them hooked a small trout.
But when the landed fish screamed aloud, my son fled the scene in horror and has never eaten flesh since. People adopt vegetarian and vegan diets for different reasons, not all of them out of horror, as my son did. Whatever their reasons, they are finding more options in grocery stores, restaurants, and cookbooks than ever before.
An example taken from local or world news events is another kind of illustration. This is the introduction and conclusion to a paper on urban growth problems in California: The Chico city council recently approved six hundred new homes to go in on the east side of the city.
The impacts this development will have are likely to be extreme, illustrating the problems all California cities face in managing growth. How well Chico will cope with the increased traffic, pressure on schools, and impacts to the watershed is yet to be seen.
But Chico is not alone in having to find solutions soon.
A composite illustration is a fiction that you create in order to make a point. Composite means including a bit of this and a bit of that. The advantage of a composite illustration is that it can be perfectly crafted to fit your point.
A composite can illustrate extreme examples that are possible though not likely "Suppose that An analogy is an extended comparison between one thing and another the development of a balanced state budget compared with a shopping list, perhaps.
If you come up with an apt analogy, it can be very effective; however, a so-so analogy is better abandoned sooner than later. You are better off with a good story than with a mediocre analogy. A challenging opening statement is effective for a thesis that calls for changes to be made in public policies or personal actions, such as in persuasive essays and argument or analysis papers: Introduction Chances are, if you live outside city limits in any of California's twenty-one rural counties, you couldn't use public transportation if you wanted to.
Sure, Californians need to get over their love affairs with their cars, but having a better system of public transportation in place would help. Then, perhaps, I could get from rural Durham to rural Oroville, where I live, without putting yet another car on the road.By learning how to write a conclusion for a research paper, a student may find out the way to impress even the strictest teacher and the rest of the target audience.
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