Introduction of literature review

American Indians disproportionately die from diabetes, liver disease and cirrhosis, and unintentional injuries. Hispanic Americans are almost twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes. In addition, some Asian- American subpopulations experience rates of stomach, liver, and cervical cancers that are well above national averages.

Introduction of literature review

Literature reviews - Example 1 Example of literature reviews from Helen M. Stated overall objective of thesis. Provided broad motivation for interest in the area.

Introduced the sections of the thesis which would address overall objective. Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis.

Literature Review of Relevant Research The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.

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The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question s. Establishes significance of territory.

Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been Introduction of literature review primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence ref.

Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony refs. Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap. Discusses what has been found, but points out inconsistency of results.

This area has been surprisingly neglected until recently, as the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on the effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information.

Motivates next part of literature review. To appreciate the effects of co-witness information on eyewitness reports, we must examine, in detail, the different methodologies that have been used to investigate this topic. Further justifies the need to investigate the impact of social influences on memory.

However, such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember ref.

Introduction of literature review

Reviews the chronological development of research in this area an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best. Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.

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One should not assume the results obtained from studies using stories and word lists as stimuli can be generalised to forensic contexts. Repeats 6 for another sub-topic. It may therefore be advantageous to also investigate the effects of co-witness information using Natural Discussion Groups as this methodology has high ecological validity.

However, few studies have used this methodology, and those that have, have yielded mixed findings. Therefore, future investigation using the Natural Discussion Group methodology would be helpful to better understand the effects of discussion on memory. Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1.

Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose. In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to 1 explain the occurrence of memory conformity and 2 describe factors that influence memory conformity.

For each of the four explanations, followed typical structure of: Thought went into the choice of order. There was some comparison between later and earlier explanations and the synthesised conclusions that can be drawn.

Supporting evidence … This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.


Sums up what has been learned from the review of the four current theoretical explanations. Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis.A literature review follows an essay format (Introduction, Body, Conclusion), but if the literature itself is the topic of the essay, your essay will need to consider the literature in terms of the key.

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The Introduction introduced the particular study to be reported on, and also contained a three and a half page literature review which: Linked back to the relevant to the . A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.

Have you written a stellar literature review you care to share for teaching purposes? Are you an instructor who has received an exemplary literature review and have permission from the student to post? A literature review does not present an original purpose is to offer an overview of what is known about the topic and to evaluate the strength of the evidence on that usually contains a summary, a synthesis, or an analysis of the key arguments in the existing literature.

Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically (see below for more information on each).

Introduction and Literature Review - Unequal Treatment - NCBI Bookshelf