In his lecture, Enrico Ferri compares and contrasts the "classical criminal school", starting with Beccariawith the "positive school", starting with Lombroso and Garofalo. The classical school used an "a priori" method il metodo aprioristico of abstract reasoning to relate the offence to the penalty.
During the last half-century, many writers on ethnology, anthropology, and slavery have strenuously striven to place the Negro outside of the human family; and the disciples of these teachers have endeavored to justify their views by the most dehumanizing treatment of the Negro.
But, fortunately for the Negro and for humanity at large, we live now in an epoch when race malice and sectional hate are disappearing beneath the horizon of a brighter and better future. The Negro in America is free.
It is proposed, in the first place, to call the attention to the absurd charge that the Negro does not belong to the human family. Happily, there are few left upon the face of the earth who still maintain this belief.
We read that after their expulsion from the Garden of Eden, Eve bore Adam a family. But the most interesting portion of Bible history comes after the Flood.
We then have the history of the confusion of tongues, and the subsequent and consequent dispersion of mankind. In the eleventh chapter and first verse of Genesis it is recorded: The medium of communication was common.
Everybody used one language. In the sixth verse occurs this remarkable language: This verse establishes two very important facts; i. The seventh, eighth, and ninth verses of the eleventh chapter are not irrelevant: So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth; and they left off to build the city.
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Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth; and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
Evidently this was the beginning of different families of men,—different nationalities, and hence different languages.
Three great families, the Shemitic, Hamitic, and Japhetic, were suddenly built up. Many other families, or tribes, sprang from these; but these were the three great heads of all subsequent races of men.
Enough has been said to show that there is a curious, if not a remarkable, analogy between the predictions of Noah on the future descendants of his three sons, and the actual state of those races which are generally supposed to have sprung from them. It may here be again remarked, that, to render the subject more clear, we have adopted the quinary arrangement of Professor Blumenbach: Assigning, therefore, the Mongolian race to Japheth, and the Ethiopian to Ham, the Caucasian, the noblest race, will belong to Shem, the third son of Noah, himself descended from Seth, the third son of Adam.
It amounts, in short, to a presumptive evidence, that a mysterious and very beautiful analogy pervades throughout, and teaches us to look beyond natural causes in attempting to account for effects apparently interwoven in the plans of Omnipotence.
He went on to remark, that, great as their city and nation were, God, whose offspring they were, had created other nations, who lived beyond their verdant hills and swelling rivers. We find two leading thoughts in the twenty-sixth verse; viz.
The language quoted is very explicit. This declaration was made by the Apostle Paul, an inspired writer, a teacher of great erudition, and a scholar in both the Hebrew and the Greek languages.
The Acts of the Apostles, as well as the Gospels, prove the unity we seek to establish. But there are a few who would admit the unity of mankind, and still insist that the Negro does not belong to the human family.
In the Gospel of Luke we read this remarkable historical statement: All the commentators we have been able to consult, on the passage quoted below, agree that this man Simon was a Negro,—a black man.Chapter 5: Towards mass education.
Background. The Industrial Revolution. In the middle of the eighteenth century, as the Industrial Revolution began, most of England's six million people lived and worked in the countryside.
He worked as a journeyman printer in New York for fourteen months, sometimes in job-offices, for a few days each in the offices of the “Evening Post” and the “Commercial Advertiser,” longer in that of the “Spirit of the Times,” making friends always with the steady men he encountered, and saving money.
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Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Need for reform essay for The Offence Against A Person Act  -- 3 Seeking a legal academic writer, with knowledge of the offences against a person act.
This project requires a maximum words o the need to reform this act. The Offences Against the Person Act consolidated the Act of the same name and later statutes all together.
So, at the time it put everything in one place and was fairly tidy. However, nowadays it is not only an old piece of legislation but also difficult to understand. The Offences Against the Person Act (OAPA ) has been heavily criticised. When it was written it aimed to bring together common law into a statute and was never written as a logical and consistent set of rules.