Next Power sharing is the very spirit of democracy. A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects.
Power sharing desired …all over Reasons for tension between the two communities: Reasons for tension between the two communities The minority French were rich and powerful The majority Dutch got the benefit of economic development much later.
The Belgian Model of Power Sharing: Between and the constitution was amended four times to accommodate social and cultural diversities. This was done by sharing power as follows. There shall be equal representation from both communities in the central council of ministers The majority Dutch accepted this arrangement because they were minority in the nation The Belgian Model of Power Sharing Advantages of The Belgian Model: Advantages of The Belgian Model Though complex, the model has worked well so far.
It has avoided civic strife between the two communities. The distruct between comminities turned civil war. Loss of lifeproperty and human resources was done by the war. Social Composition Sinhala Speakers: They are mostly Buddhists Tamils Speakers: Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka After independence inSri Lanka adopted a series of majoritarian measures to establish Sinhalese supremacy over the Tamils Inan Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka: Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka In an Act was passed which recognised Sinhala as the only official language.
Sinhala speakers were preferred both for university positions and Govt. Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka: Effect on Tamils The Tamils felt isolated They thought that even the constitution was against them. None of the Political parties ever considered their needs.
The Tamils formed groups, organisations and parties to fight for rights Effect on Tamils: Effect on Tamils Their demands for recognition to their language and separate state with autonomous status were repeatedly neglected.
This made some groups like the LTTE to take violent actions. The Civil War Civil war thus broke out between the Tamils and the Sinhalas Thousands of people on both the sides were killed. Thousands of Tamil families went out of the country as refugees Why is power sharing desirable?
Why is power sharing desirable? Prudential Reasons It avoids conflicts between different social groups. The absence of power sharing can result in division of the country.
Imposing will of the majority on the minority might appear to be an attractive option but it can be counter productive and can come in way of national integration as it happened in Sri Lanka The tyranny of the majority brings ruins both to the minority and the majority as in Sri Lanka Moral reason: Moral reason Power sharing is the very essence of democracy.
In an ideal democracy as many people as possible should get a chance to enjoy power. People are affected by all the policies of democratic politics and they have to live with the effects. Hence citizens need share in power.
Forms of Power Sharing: Forms of Power Sharing Each of these organs is placed at the same level to exercise different powers None of them has unlimited power thus maintains balance. Each one of them keeps watch on the functioning of the other two. So we have the third tier — the Local Self Govt.
Both the Central and State govt. Vertical Power Sharing Power Sharing among different social groups: Power Sharing among different social groups Socially weaker sections also have to have share in power.
In India, it is done by way of reservation.In a modern democracy, power-sharing arrangements can take many forms. Horizontal distribution of power: In this, the power is shared among different organs of government such as the legislature, executive, and regardbouddhiste.com type .
Power Sharing in India: India is a democratic country. People of India elect their representative through direct franchise and representatives elect the government to make or amend rules & regulations and to carry out day to day functioning of governance.
Which of the following features are common to Indian and Belgium form of power sharing arrangements? (A) Power is shared among governments at different levels.
Power Sharing In India And Belgium. studies Assignment Fa-1 Power sharing in India TYPES OF POWER SHARING IN INDIA India mainly has two types of power sharing: 1) Among various organs of the government. The various organs of the government: * Legislature * Executive * Judiciary * It is known as the horizontal distribution because all the three organs are placed at the same level.
The Belgian model of power sharing has the following features: The number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers are equal in the central government.
Special laws are required for the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. No single community can make decisions unilaterally. Power sharing in Belgium was an example of a marvelous sharing of power among various groups to avoid any sort of conflict between them.
The problem existing there was that the community having majority in the entire .