R stands for Role - the person or thing that students will become. A is for Audience - the person or people who will be reading the finished product. F is for Format - the way in which the writing will be done. Examples might include letter, brochure, memo, speech, or advertisement.
It doesn't have to mean a research paper. In fact, the majority of QW assignments are less elaborate than that. Rather, QW assignments can be created in a variety of genres, stakes and complexities, for a variety of audiences and purposes. They need not even be papers, per se.
They can be done informally or formally, in-class or out-of-class, alone, in pairs, or in groups. QW assignments can be written primarily to the author as audience so-called 'writer-based' prosethe teacher as audience, or as stand-alone formal documents written within a specific genre to policy makers or the general public.
This page explores these different dimensions of quantitative writing. Genre, audience, and purpose In the real world, writers write to real audiences for real reasons.
The exigency that motivates the writing is usually a problem of some sort-a disputed or unresolved question, a condition that needs changing, or a dilemma requiring a course of action.
Moreover, writers usually write within a "genre" memo, white paper, email, scholarly article or conference paper, poster session, op-ed piece, proposal, brochureand each genre has its characteristic formats and reader expectations. The best writing assignments create such a rhetorical context for writers, often following the advice in the acronym RAFT - Role or purpose Examples of purpose include: Informative purpose using quantitative data to enlarge audience's understanding of a topic; Analytical or interpretive purpose using quantitative data to clarify audience's view of a topic; Persuasive purpose using quantitative data to change audience's view of a topic Audience Examples include experts or lay audience.
Format or genre Examples include academic, white paper, letter to editor, op-ed piece, magazine article, or letter to a client. Length, stakes and complexity QW assignments can be short or long, in-class or term-length. The work involved can be simple or complex e.
The assignments can represent a major part of the course experience e. Low stakes assignments such as in-class freewrites, Documents composed in class in a very few minutes in response to an instructor prompt.
One example is to ask students to summarize what they were assigned to read for class on that day. The need to hand something in provokes a more thoughtful response than simply asking students to discuss orally what was in the reading. Once the freewrite is done, the class discuss can take place, usually much more effectively than without the writing.
|Examples of Creative Writing Prompts for Science||Science Writing Prompts Examples of Creative Writing Prompts for Science Science writing prompts provide a powerful way to help students understand and apply scientific knowledge. Explore the intricacies of nature, earth, and space with writing prompts for science.|
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|RAFT Strategy||You should work your way through it before attempting this writing assignment.|
Freewrites can be collected, or not, given credit or not. The point is to get students thinking about the reading before discussion. And of course, if you make a habit of asking students to freewrite, that increases the likelihood that they will do the reading.
QW assignments can differ in the complexity of the work required, both in terms of the data and the sophistication of the analysis.Many teachers use differentiated instruction strategies as a way to reach all learners and accommodate each student’s learning style.
One very helpful tactic to employ differentiated instruction is called tiered assignments—a technique often used within flexible groups.
Here is a writing assignment that uses the RAFT strategy to get students writing about the Age of Invention. Students love the choices this assignment provides and it really allows them to have some fun while writing and showing off what they have learned. R.A.F.T.
Assignment—Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration RAFT assignments encourage students to uncover their own voices and formats for presenting their ideas about content information they are studying. Students learn to respond to writing prompts that require them. Here is an example of a short QW assignment (Microsoft Word 32kB Sep26 06) using the RAFT guidelines (John C.
Bean, Seattle University. Assignment for a First-Year Seminar on Energy Policy). Assignment for a First-Year Seminar on Energy Policy).
RAFT is a writing strategy that helps students understand their roles as writers, the audience they will address, the varied formats for writing, and the topic they'll be writing about.
By using this strategy, teachers encourage students to write creatively, to consider a topic from a different perspective, and to gain practice writing for different audiences.
Assign the RAFT writing assignment, to be due the day after the unit’s final lesson.
Subsequent Lesson Students will complete this particular unit with two days of research and presentation on the.